Basic Site Details

Name: Ayrshire Lunatic Asylum
Town, district or village: Ayr
City or county: Ayrshire
Country: Scotland
Grid ref:
Notes: Cost of hostel 57,000. Total cost of work by Carrick 1968-74 656,000

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 4Ailsa HospitalYesSince 1958
Item 2 of 4Ayr District Asylum Hospital  
Item 3 of 4Glengall Asylum  
Item 4 of 4Glengall District Asylum  

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Psychiatric hospital  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 111864  Competition held
Item 2 of 1128 July 1866  Opened
Item 3 of 111868 Construction 
Item 4 of 1118791880Addition 
Item 5 of 1118791880Addition 
Item 6 of 111892  Additions
Item 7 of 111894 Build/constructionIsolation Hospital (Brunstane House)
Item 8 of 111897  Drains, extensions and new villas
Item 9 of 1119031906Build/constructionHospital block - described at the time as the 'New Hospital' (now offices)
Item 10 of 111924 Addition 
Item 11 of 1119681974Alterations and additionsAdditions and improvements (other than hostel)


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 25William Atkinson RailtonArchitect 1864 Won competition but Charles Edward received commission
Item 2 of 25Charles George Hood KinnearArchitectB1864 Competition design
Item 3 of 25John Dick PeddieArchitectB1864 Competition design
Item 4 of 25Peddie & KinnearArchitectural practiceB1864 Competition design
Item 5 of 25Charles EdwardArchitectA1868 Received commision
Item 6 of 25Edward & RobertsonArchitectural practiceA1868 Received commision
Item 7 of 25Thomas Saunders RobertsonArchitectA1868 Received commision
Item 8 of 25Allan StevensonArchitectL18791880Enlargement
Item 9 of 25Allan StevensonArchitectD1892 Additions
Item 10 of 25Allan StevensonArchitectS1894 Isolation Hospital (now Brunston House)
Item 11 of 25Allan StevensonArchitectC1897 Drains, extensions and new villas (e.g. Albany House)
Item 12 of 25Duncan McKerrowArchitectC1897 Extensions - as assistant to Allan Stevenson
Item 13 of 25Gilbert McGarvaArchitectC1897 Extensions - as apprentice to Allan Stevenson
Item 14 of 25Thomas McGill CasselsArchitectC1897 Drains, extensions and new villas - as managing assistant to Allan Stevenson
Item 15 of 25John Bennie WilsonArchitectA19031906Hospital block - described at the time as the 'New Hospital' (now offices)
Item 16 of 25Allan StevensonArchitectF1924 Additions
Item 17 of 25J & J A CarrickArchitectural practiceK19681974Additions and improvements (other than hostel)
Item 18 of 25James Andrew CarrickArchitectK19681974Additions and improvements (other than hostel)
Item 19 of 25James Gardner HutchesonArchitectK19681974Additions and improvements (other than hostel)
Item 20 of 25James Walker TurnerArchitectK1968c. 1970Additions and improvements (other than hostel)
Item 21 of 25Ronald Charles Graham K19681974Additions and improvements (other than hostel)
Item 22 of 25J & J A CarrickArchitectural practiceE1969 Staff hostel
Item 23 of 25James Andrew CarrickArchitectE1969 Staff hostel
Item 24 of 25James Walker TurnerArchitectE1969 Staff Hostel
Item 25 of 25Ronald Charles Graham E1969 Staff hostel


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 1Western Regional Hospital BoardFor the 1969 hostel and improvements


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 7Close, Rob and Riches, Anne2012The Buildings of Scotland: Ayrshire & Arran New Haven and London: Yale University Pressp174-5
Item 2 of 7Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 2, pp 269-70;
vol 3, pp 32-3
Item 3 of 7Dundee Yearbook1890   Obituary for Edward
Item 4 of 7RIBA1970RIBA Directory 1970   
Item 5 of 7RIBA1975RIBA Directory of practices   
Item 6 of 7Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Ailsa Hospital
Item 7 of 7Who's Who in Architecture1914   John Bennie Wilson entry

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1British Architect11 November 1904  Page ix - tenders for JB Wilson extension

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 4Ayrshire Archives (from February 2007)Darley- Hay Partnership archive Plans for 1890s additions/alterations
Item 2 of 4National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Ayrshire and Arran Health Board Plans
Item 3 of 4National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSDick Peddie and McKay Collection DPM 1860/69/1
Item 4 of 4RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers Gilbert McGarva: L v14 no996; John Bennie Wilson: F v20 no1428 (microfilm reel 13)