Basic Biographical Details

Name: Hugh Alexander Salmon
Designation: Architect
Born: 16 November 1874
Died: 11 December 1960
Bio Notes: Hugh Alexander Salmon was born at 12 Seton Terace, Dennistoun, Glasgow on 16 November 1874, the younger son of William Forrest Salmon and his first wife Jessie Alexander. Whether he was articled to William Leiper like his elder brother James is not known as he never discussed his brief architectural career with his family but he studied at Glasgow School of Art in 1889-90. He must have completed his articles as he designed at least one of the James Salmon & Son Onslow Drive houses in Dennistoun, but in 1894 he left the profession to learn the business of farming with his maternal grandfather Hugh Alexander at Arrat Mill, Brechin, a decision arising from his preference for an outdoor life and tensions at home as a result of his father's second marriage to Agnes Cooper Barry: neither brother liked their stepmother.

In 1897 Hugh Salmon emigrated to New Zealand and spent his first year at Castle Rock Station, Southland, 200 miles south of Dunedin: it was one of the largest farms in New Zealand at the time. He then joined Wright Stephenson, Stock and Station Agents at Dunedin, initially as a traveller for seed on horseback. Aided perhaps by his original professional training as architect and surveyor he was quickly appointed one of Wright Stephenson's auctioneers and after only two years a departmental manager in wool and seed; in that capacity he may have designed some simple storage buildings as his family remembered him working on very precise structural drawings.

A visit home was made in 1906, an event recorded in a postcard of him driving off on the golf course with Old Tom Morris - or someone very like him - in the background. Two years after his return to Dunedin, on 16 July 1908, he married Anna Jessie Roberts, the daughter of a woodcarver of Scottish descent. They had four children - Margaret (Peggie, Mrs Roland Cox), born 11 May 1909; Jean Barrie, born 4 March 1913; William Forrest, born 6 February 1918; and Anne Precey (Mrs Allan Francis), born 28 December 1920 - but of these Jean Barrie (died 1946) was damaged at birth and William Forrest died of meningitis when only a year old.

Hugh Salmon retired worn out and seriously ill in 1924. He recovered but did not work again. A final visit to Scotland with his daughter Anne was made in 1934 to wind up his father's trust estate following the death of his stepmother but he arrived too late to retrieve any of his father's possessions which had been auctioned a week earlier.

Hugh Salmon died on 11 December 1960. In person he was quite unlike his brother James although they had a great admiration and affection for each other. He was teetotal, tall like his father and grandfather, very fit and athletic with a great love of animals, golf, fishing and shooting. His architecture as seen at Auchinblae, his own house at Dunedin, was much influenced by his brother's.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 53, Broompark Gardens, Dennistoun, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivateBefore 18891894 
Item 2 of 5Arrat Mill, Brechin, Angus, ScotlandPrivate/business18941897 
Item 3 of 5Castle Rock Station, Southland, New ZealandPrivate/business18971898 
Item 4 of 5Dunedin, New ZealandPrivate/business1898  
Item 5 of 5Auchinblae, Dunnottar, Dunedin, New ZealandPrivate1919After 1934 

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1James Salmon & SonAfter 1890Before 1894Apprentice 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 2c. 1894House, Onslow DriveDennistoun GlasgowScotlandAs apprentice to James Salmon & Son
Item 2 of 21919AuchinblaeDunnottar DunedinNew ZealandFor himself


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 1O'Donnell, Raymond2003The life and work of James Salmon architect, 1873-1924 Edinburgh: The Rutland Press 

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSSalmon Collection  
Item 2 of 2Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Information from Glasgow School of Art records per Iain Paterson; personal information from Mrs Anne Francis, Salmon's daughter