Basic Biographical Details

Name: Gardner & Whyte
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1913
Ended: 1914
Bio Notes: Alexander McInnes Gardner was born at New Kilpatrick on 21 September 1878, the son of Robert Gardner, bleach work warehouseman, and his wife Jane McInnes. He was articled to A Lindsay Miller of Glasgow in 1893, attending classes at Glasgow School of Art and winning a number of prizes and medals. In 1898 he left Lindsay Miller to work with Malcolm Stark in the Glasgow office of Stark & Rowntree as an assistant. The following year Gardner moved to the office of James Miller. After two years there he re-joined Fred Rowntree in London, and after a further two years he returned to work again for James Miller in Glasgow. He commenced practice on his own account in 1905 at 144 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, in partnership with Thomas Andrew Millar, a fellow draughtsman in James Miller's office. Gardner spent two months studying in Italy in autumn 1910 and was admitted LRIBA in the mass intake of 20 July 1911, proposed by John Bennie Wilson and the Glasgow Institute of Architects. In addition to their known works, Millar's nomination papers mention 'a considerabal [sic] amount of remodelling of commercial property in Glasgow'.

The partnership of Gardner & Millar was dissolved in 1912. Gardner then entered into a partnership with Robert Whyte. Whyte had been born on 24 December 1873 and had been articled to William Leiper for the unusually long period of seven years from 1890 until 1897. During that period he had attended the classes at Glasgow School of Art (1891 to 1896) and the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College from 1892 and at some point travelled in France and the United States. He had commenced independent practice in 1898 as an interior designer for John Brown & Co Ltd, shipbuilders of Clydebank, but had practised alone from 1906. He had been admitted LRIBA on 24 June 1912.

The partnership of Gardner & Whyte appears to have lasted barely more than a year (1913-14), Whyte presumably acting as the on-site architect for Clydebank Public Library which Gardner had won in competition when in partnership with Thomas Andrew Millar.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 2 of 2Dunbartonshire, ScotlandBusiness   

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Robert Whyte1913 * Partner 
Item 2 of 3Alexander McInnes Gardner19131914Partner 
Item 3 of 3Thomas Andrew Millar19131914Partner 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 11913Clydebank Public LibraryClydebank DunbartonshireScotlandExecuted job?


Currently, there are no references for this architectural practice. The information has been derived from: the British Architectural Library / RIBA Directory of British Architects 1834-1914; Post Office Directories; and/or any sources listed under this individual's works.