Basic Biographical Details

Name: Campbell Reid & Wingate
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1914
Ended: 1915
Bio Notes: James Campbell Reid was born in 1879 the son of John Reid, Glasgow and was educated at Allan Glen's School, Glasgow. He was articled to Thomson & Turnbull from 1893 to 1897 and then had himself apprenticed to a firm of builders and contractors for practical experience which lasted four years, during which period he acted as architectural assistant to Charles Gourlay at the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College. In 1902 and 1903 he found employment as a draughtsman with various firms and undertook extended visits abroad, spending several months in Normandy and Paris where he appears to have attended selected lectures at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts rather than taking a full course. Over the next few years he continued to make study tours, spending a fortnight each year in France and a week each year in England.

He commenced practice on his own account in 1904 in Blythswood Square, Glasgow. He passed the qualifying exam in November 1906 and was admitted ARIBA on 4 March 1907, his proposers being David Barclay, architect to the College, Thomas Lennox Watson and James Milne Monro. By that date he had moved office to 209 St Vincent Street, with a house at 328 Golfhill Drive. He was admitted FRIBA on 2 December 1912, his proposers being George Bell, Alexander Nisbet Paterson and John Bennie Wilson.

In 1914 Reid merged his practice with that of Alexander Wingate, probably because he was then planning to set up practice in London. Wingate had been born in 1875 and educated at Kelvinside Academy. He had been articled to Miles Septimus Gibson 1892-97, attending classes at Glasgow School of Art. He had then obtained a place in the office of John Burnet & Son, from which he had moved to that of Arthur Beresford Pite in 1899 enabling him to take classes at the Architectural Association. He had remained with Pite until 1903 when he undertook an extensive study of France, Italy, Spain and Portugal, returning to continue practice in Glasgow in 1905. He had been admitted LRIBA in the mass intake of 20 July 1911. Along with George Bell II, Wingate had been appointed Glasgow Institute of Architects representative to the Architectural Department of the Royal Technical College in 1913.

Reid & Wingate's most important building was the McKechnie warehouse on Bell Street, Glasgow, a masterpiece of the classical modern genre. Unfortunately the partnership did not survive the First World War: Wingate, who had reached the rank of 2nd Lieutentant with the 9th Regiment Highland Light Infantry, was killed in action in France in October 1915. Reid was a Royal Naval Reservist and survived the war. He was somewhat damaged in health but implemented his post-war intention of opening a London office at 6 New Burlington Street. He died following a short illness on 30 November 1923.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness   

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Hugh Aitken Hutchison WalkerJuly 1912December 1914Improver 
Item 2 of 3James Campbell Reid19141915Partner 
Item 3 of 3Alexander Wingate19141915Partner 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 11914Warehouse, 6-20 Bell Street  GlasgowScotlandCompleted by Campbell Reid after Wingate's death


Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2RIBA Journal6 November 1915 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary of Wingate pp8 &13
Item 2 of 2RIBA Journal22 December 1923 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary of Reid p121