Basic Biographical Details

Name: William Henry Johnson (junior)
Designation: Architect
Born: 1877
Bio Notes: William Henry Johnson (Junior) was born in 1877 and was articled to Duncan Menzies from 1894 to 1899, attending classes at Heriot-Watt College. At the end of his apprenticeship he sought wider experience, first with Robert Wilson and John Alexander Carfrae working on School Board jobs, then moving first to the City Architect Robert Morham in 1900 and finally to Joseph Marr Johnston in Leith from 1903 until 1904 when he commenced independent practice in Edinburgh. In the ensuing years he carried out a number of jobs on his own as well as assisting other architects including John Thomas Walford and Alexander Murray Hardie. On the death of Duncan Menzies in 1910 Johnson was invited him to return to the practice as partner: Alexander W Cockburn was already a partner, the firm's title now becoming Menzies, Cockburn & Johnson. He was admitted LRIBA on 24 June 1912, proposed by James Bow Dunn and the Edinburgh Architectural Association.

Johnson's subsequent movements are unclear. RSA exhibits by a new partnership of Menzies, Cockburn & Merrylees in 1928 and 1929 suggest that he had withdrawn from the firm by that date, but the RIBA Kalendars indicate that he was still in practice in 1930 or 1931 at 3 Palmerston Place, this being the same address given by the Menzies, Cockburn & Merrylees partnership in 1929. By 1939 or 1940 Johnson was practising from 3 Queen Street.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 720, George Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1908c. 1911 
Item 2 of 77, Relugas Road, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivatec. 1911  
Item 3 of 733, York Place, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1912c. 1920 
Item 4 of 720, York Place, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1920c. 1928 
Item 5 of 7Pentland View, St John's Road, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivateBefore 1926  
Item 6 of 73, Palmerston Place, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1929c. 1938 
Item 7 of 73, Queen Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1938c. 1940 

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 8Duncan Menzies18941899Apprentice 
Item 2 of 8John Alexander Carfrae18991900Assistantin the office of Robert Wilson, School Board Architect
Item 3 of 8Robert Wilson18991900Assistantalso working with John Alexander Carfrae
Item 4 of 8Edinburgh City Architect's Department (Edinburgh Corporation)19001903Assistantunder Robert Morham, Edinburgh City Architect
Item 5 of 8Robert Morham19001903Assistantin Edinburgh City Architects Department
Item 6 of 8Joseph Marr Johnston19031904Assistant 
Item 7 of 8Menzies, Cockburn & Johnson1911Before 1928Partner 
Item 8 of 8Thomson & Johnsonc. 1933After 1950Partner 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 1James Bow Dunn24 June 1912for Licentiateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 13After 1894CottagesNewtongrange MidlothianScotlandAs assistant to Alexander Murray Hardie (whilst in independent practice)
Item 2 of 131904(?)St John the Evangelist RC ChurchPortobello EdinburghScotlandAs assistant to John Thomas Walford (whilst in independent practice)
Item 3 of 13After 190414-16 Shandwick Place  EdinburghScotlandAlterations and new shopfront for Caledonian Motor Company (no 16 only)
Item 4 of 13After 1904Business premises for Mr RobinNewtongrange MidlothianScotlandAs assistant to Alexander Murray Hardie (whilst in independent practice)
Item 5 of 13After 1904CottagesJoppa EdinburghScotlandAs assistant to Alexander Murray Hardie (whilst in independent practice)
Item 6 of 13After 1904Craigmillar Park Golf ClubhouseCraigmillar EdinburghScotland 
Item 7 of 13After 1904Licensed premises, 362 Leith Walk  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 8 of 13After 1904Mr Young's Motor Garage and WorksEskbank MidlothianScotlandAs assistant to Alexander Murray Hardie (whilst in independent practice)
Item 9 of 13After 1904Tower HotelPortobello EdinburghScotlandAs assistant to Alexander Murray Hardie (whilst in independent practice)
Item 10 of 131908Scottish Motor Exhibition, Waverley Market  EdinburghScotlandAnnual exhibitions
Item 11 of 131909Wallyford SchoolWallyford MidlothianScotlandAdditions and alterations - as assistant to Alexander Murray Hardie (whilst in independent practice)
Item 12 of 131913Cinematograph HouseGorgie EdinburghScotlandCinematograph House
Item 13 of 131929St Margaret's ChurchCorstorphine EdinburghScotlandMay not have been involved in the original design


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 5British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 2 of 5Peter, Bruce2000Clyde Coast Picture Palaces Ochiltree: Stenlake Publishing 
Item 3 of 5Post Office Directories     
Item 4 of 5RIBA1950The RIBA Kalendar 1950-1951 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 5 of 5Who's Who in Architecture1914    

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L v24 no1989