Basic Biographical Details

Name: Carr & Howard
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1938
Ended: 1939(?)
Bio Notes: David Carr was born on 1 February 1905 and studied at the School of Architecture, Edinburgh College of Art from 1923 to 1929, with the exception of a period spent with Collcutt & Hamp in London working on hospital and hotel commissions (July 1927 to July 1928). In 1930 he returned to London to join the office of Sir Herbert Baker and A T Scott, working on the rebuilding of the Bank of England, and was admitted ARIBA, his proposers being John Begg, Charles Denny Carus-Wilson and Frank Charles Mears. Meanwhile he continued his studies at the RA Schools, where he was awarded a Bronze Medal in 1931. He moved to the office of Michael Rosenauer in 1935, where he was engaged on the design of flats for a year before returning to Edinburgh School of Architecture for a Fellowship in prefabrication. His travels took him regularly on tours of Britain and also to Italy in 1927 and 1936, to Sweden and Denmark in 1931, to Austria in 1935 and to France in 1937.

William Frederick Howard was born on 9 March 1906 in London, and was articled to Wills & Armitage there in 1922, attending classes at the Central School of Arts & Crafts and Regent Street Polytechnic. On completing his apprenticeship in 1926 he joined John Murray (probably John Campbell Turner Murray) as junior assistant, moving the following year to the office of Tatchell & Wilson. In 1928 he began attending the Royal Academy Schools and joined Collcutt & Hamp as junior assistant. He left them in 1930 and made a three-month study tour of Belgium, Holland and Germany before becoming senior assistant to Ashley & Newman. Whilst still with the latter firm in 1932 he spent six months travelling in Spain, Denmark and Sweden. The following year he moved to the office of Lanchester & Lodge, and three years later to that of Philip Dalton Hepworth.

From 1934 Carr and Howard, who had presumably met in the office of Collcutt & Hamp, collaborated on competition designs. Their proposals for Tunbridge Wells Civic Centre, Hertford County Offices, the Parliament House of Southern Rhodesia and Birmingham Technical College received prizes and commendations but their first successful entry was that of 1937 for Kirkcaldy Municipal Buildings. This appears to have spurred them to commence independent practice together the following year, Howard moving to Edinburgh to enter into partnership with Carr at 30 Rutland Square.

Carr & Howard were forced to abandon a number of projects on the outbreak of war the following year, and it was probably at this time that the partnership was dissolved. Howard was admitted FRIBA on 16 February 1943, his proposers being Henry Vaughan Lanchester, Thomas Arthur Lodge and Lionel G Pearson. His nomination papers give a business address c/o Whytock & Wallace, 21 Alva Street, Edinburgh and a home address c/o 14 Ridge Crest, Ridgeway, Enfield, Middlesex. By 1949 Carr was back in London, working as chief assistant to Robert Atkinson, and he was admitted FRIBA on 29 November that year, his proposers being Atkinson, Alexander Frederick Berenbruck Anderson and Howard.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 130, Rutland Square, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness19381939(?) 

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3David Carr19381939(?)Partner 
Item 2 of 3William Frederick Howard19381939(?)Partner 
Item 3 of 3Leonard Lloyd-Smith1954 Senior Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 161938Berwick BarracksBerwick-upon-Tweed NorthumberlandEngland 
Item 2 of 161938Civic Centre, Newcastle-upon-Tyne  Newcastle upon TyneEnglandSite and floor plans
Item 3 of 161938Concrete housing for Scottish Special Housing Association LtdSighthill EdinburghScotlandWon competition to secure job; unexecuted due to war
Item 4 of 161938Glencorse BarracksPenicuik MidlothianScotlandNew sanitary block
Item 5 of 161938Kirkcaldy Town HallKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 6 of 161938St George's Hospital  LondonEnglandSecond premiated competition design
Item 7 of 161938Technical College  DundeeScotlandCommended competition design
Item 8 of 161938Timber houses for Scottish Special Housing Association LtdKirknewton MidlothianScotland 
Item 9 of 16c. 1938House at Glenlocklhart Road  EdinburghScotland 
Item 10 of 16c. 1938(?)Hutton, Police HeadquartersPreston LancashireEngland 
Item 11 of 161939Cockburn and Turnbull's premises  EdinburghScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 12 of 161939Exhibition Halls, Waverley Market  EdinburghScotlandSecond premiated competition design
Item 13 of 161939Tanfield Primary School  EdinburghScotlandFirst premiated competition design - unexecuted
Item 14 of 161939Timber Housing for Scottish Special Housing Association   ScotlandCompetition design
Item 15 of 161939Timber housing for Scottish Special Housing Association LtdPolbeth/West Calder West LothianScotland 
Item 16 of 16c. 1939Housing scheme for the Scottish Special Housing Association LtdWest Pilton EdinburghScotlandUnexecuted designs


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
Item 1 of 2Glendinning, Miles1997Rebuilding Scotland: The Postwar Vision, 1945-75  Tuckwell Press Ltdp157 Kirkcaldy Town House
Item 2 of 2Post Office Directories