Basic Biographical Details

Name: John Russell Mackenzie
Designation: Architect
Died: 16 June 1889
Bio Notes: John Russell Mackenzie was the son of Captain Mackenzie of Friendville, and was articled to James Matthews of Mackenzie & Matthews of Aberdeen; when asked by G M Fraser, chief librarian of Aberdeen, Alexander Marshall Mackenzie denied any relationship with Russell Mackenzie, although Fenton Wyness believed there was. Thereafter he was in York for a time for experience, perhaps with G Fowler Jones, and by 1850 had commenced business on his own account in Aberdeen, where he secured the patronage of the Aberdeen Town and Country Bank at least by the mid-1860s.

At the beginning of 1878 Mackenzie took Duncan McMillan into partnership, but in 1883 Mackenzie became bankrupt, perhaps as a result of building speculatively in Queen's Garden, although Fenton Wyness was told in his youth that it was from 'flying too high.' The partnership of Mackenzie & McMillan was then dissolved. Mackenzie's situation aroused considerable sympathy: he had been a town councillor for six years and a public testimonial raised 200 guineas presented by Provost Henderson. After a few years of fairly successful practice on his own account, Mackenzie emigrated in August 1888. He went 'mainly on account of his wife' to Johannesburg, where he was immediately commissioned to design the 20,000 Goldfields Club, but died of a fever on 16 June 1889.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 115, Adelphi Court, Aberdeen, ScotlandPrivate1868 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Mackenzie & MatthewsAfter 1844(?)Before 1850ApprenticeIn Aberdeen office, under James Matthews
Item 2 of 3George Fowler JonesBefore 1850Before 1850AssistantPerhaps with George Fowler Jones
Item 3 of 3Mackenzie & McMillan18781883Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 6John Rustc. 1860(?)c. 1865(?)Apprentice 
Item 2 of 6Robert Ewan1862 * Assistant 
Item 3 of 6Henry Greig Badenoch9 November 18631868Apprentice 
Item 4 of 6John Rustc. 1865(?)Before 1875Assistant 
Item 5 of 6Henry Greig Badenoch18681871Assistant 
Item 6 of 6James Guthrie Henderson18841887Assistant 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 971862Inverurie Town Hall, museum and libraryInverurie AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 2 of 971862Kinneff SchoolKinneff KincardineshireScotland 
Item 3 of 971863Gilcomston FarmGilcomston AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 4 of 971863Holburn Street School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 5 of 9718651 Queen's Cross  AberdeenScotland 
Item 6 of 971865Aberdeen Town and County BankWick CaithnessScotland 
Item 7 of 971865Esslemont House and stables  AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction and additions to house and lodge built
Item 8 of 971865Fawside HouseBervie KincardineshireScotland 
Item 9 of 971865Foveran ManseFoveran AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 10 of 971865St Paul's Episcopal Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 11 of 971866Aberdeen Town and County BankThurso CaithnessScotland 
Item 12 of 971866City of Glasgow Bank  Aberdeenshire?Scotland 
Item 13 of 971866Keig ManseKeig AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 14 of 971866KinknockieFoveran AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 15 of 971866Linton Home FarmLinton AberdeenshireScotlandCompleted building
Item 16 of 971866Linton House stables, coach house and kennelsLinton AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 17 of 971867First Free churchThurso CaithnessScotland 
Item 18 of 971867Thorngrove  AberdeenScotland 
Item 19 of 971868Aboyne Free ChurchAboyne AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 20 of 971868Esslemont House and stables  AberdeenshireScotlandStables
Item 21 of 971868Insch ManseInsch AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions - west wing
Item 22 of 971868Learney House  AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions - Ewan working in Mackenzie's office
Item 23 of 971868Thurso Town HallThurso CaithnessScotland 
Item 24 of 971869ArnrathDudwick AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 25 of 971869Fordyce Parish ChurchPortsoy BanffshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 26 of 971870Udny School (Pitmedden or Udny Green?)Udny AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 27 of 971872Ballater Parish ChurchBallater AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 28 of 971873Allenvale Cemetery  AberdeenScotland 
Item 29 of 971873House, Battle HillHuntly AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 30 of 971873Old Parish ChurchKinneff KincardineshireScotlandAlterations
Item 31 of 971873Rubislaw ChurchQueen's Cross AberdeenScotland 
Item 32 of 971874Aberdeen Town and County BankHuntly AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations for bank
Item 33 of 971874Aberdeen Town and County BankFraserburgh AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 34 of 971874Burntend FarmDudwick AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 35 of 971874Cairnhill SchoolCairnhill AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 36 of 971874Cookney SchoolCookney KincardineshireScotlandAdditions
Item 37 of 971874Countesswells School  AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 38 of 971874Craig School and SchoolhouseCraig AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 39 of 971874Craigton SchoolCraigton AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 40 of 971874Keithhall School  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 41 of 971874Monymusk Parish SchoolMonymusk AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 42 of 971874Netherley SchoolNetherley KincardineshireScotland 
Item 43 of 971874New school (second) at MaryculterMaryculter KincardineshireScotland 
Item 44 of 971874New school at MaryculterMaryculter KincardineshireScotland 
Item 45 of 971874Newmachar SchoolNew Machar AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 46 of 971874Rickarton SchoolRickarton KincardineshireScotlandAdditions
Item 47 of 971874School, StonehavenStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 48 of 971874Tewel SchoolTewel AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 49 of 971874Torphins Established ChurchTorphins AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 50 of 97187525 Albyn Place  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 51 of 971875Aberdeen Town and County BankUdny AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 52 of 971875Banchory Devenick SchoolBanchory Devenick KincardineshireScotlandAdditions
Item 53 of 971875Cluny SchoolCluny AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 54 of 971875Davieshill SteadingFoveran AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 55 of 971875Daviot SchoolDaviot AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 56 of 971875Findon SchoolFindon KincardineshireScotland 
Item 57 of 971875How SchoolHow  Scotland 
Item 58 of 971875Kepplestone House  AberdeenScotlandRedesigned and extended
Item 59 of 971875Portlethen SchoolPortlethen KincardineshireScotlandAdditions
Item 60 of 971875Rickarton SchoolRickarton KincardineshireScotlandFurther additions
Item 61 of 971875St Fergus Central SchoolSt Fergus AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 62 of 97c. 1875Villa, 2 Queen's Cross  AberdeenScotland'Probably' (HS)
Item 63 of 971876Upper Denburn SchoolUpper Denburn AberdeenScotland 
Item 64 of 971877(?)Durris Parish ChurchDurris AberdeenshireScotlandSurvey plans and drawings for alterations - possibly unexecuted, or may account for belfry and porch added in 1897 after his death
Item 65 of 971877Queen's Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 66 of 971877RC Church of the Immaculate ConceptionStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 67 of 971878Aberdeen Town and County BankDufftown BanffshireScotlandMainly responsible
Item 68 of 971878BlackhillKinmundy AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 69 of 971878Gilcomstoun School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 70 of 971878Rathen SchoolRathen AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and houses
Item 71 of 971879Free ChurchForfar AngusScotlandMainly responsible
Item 72 of 97Late 1870sRickarton CottagesStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 73 of 971880Buckie Parish ChurchBuckie BanffshireScotlandReplacing chapel of ease
Item 74 of 971880Cottages, Marine TerraceFerryhill AberdeenScotlandMcMillan mainly responsible for revising and completing scheme
Item 75 of 971880Houses for Aberdeen and Northern Heritable Company  AberdeenScotland 
Item 76 of 971880Queen's Gardens  AberdeenScotland 
Item 77 of 971880Town and County Bank  AberdeenScotlandMackenzie responsible
Item 78 of 971881Cookney Chapel of EaseCookney KincardineshireScotland 
Item 79 of 971881Fyvie Castle and ancillary buildingsFyvie AberdeenshireScotlandRepairs
Item 80 of 971881House and shop, Netherkirkgate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 81 of 971881House, Queen's Gardens  AberdeenScotlandMackenzie mainly responsible
Item 82 of 971881Norwood  AberdeenScotlandReconstruction
Item 83 of 971881Terraced houses, Carden Place  AberdeenScotlandCompleted terrace
Item 84 of 971883Fyvie Parish ChurchFyvie AberdeenshireScotlandChurchyard walls with gates and railings - probably (Buildings of Scotland)
Item 85 of 971883House and shops, Brown Place  AberdeenScotlandDuring partnership but Mackenzie on his own
Item 86 of 97188491-93 Union Street  AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 87 of 971885Aboyne CastleAboyne AberdeenshireScotlandProposals for additions
Item 88 of 971885Church HallFyvie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 89 of 971885Great Western Steam LaundryPartick GlasgowScotland 
Item 90 of 971885Udny Manse and OfficesUdny AberdeenshireScotlandInternal alterations and dormers added
Item 91 of 971886Dwelling house, Victoria RoadTorry AberdeenScotland 
Item 92 of 971886William William's store  AberdeenScotland 
Item 93 of 97Before 1889Aberdeen Steam Laundry  AberdeenScotland 
Item 94 of 97Before 1889Pitmedden HouseDyce AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 95 of 97Before 1889Scots Provincial Assurance Office  AberdeenScotlandRenovation
Item 96 of 97Late 1800sAberdeen Town and County BankLybster CaithnessScotlandHS - 'probably'
Item 97 of 97Late 1800sVilla, Queen's Cross at St Swithin Street and Queen's Road  AberdeenScotlandHS attribution


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 2Architects Engineers and Building Trades Directory1868Architect's, Engineer's and Building Trades' Directory London, Wyman 
Item 2 of 2Scotlands People Website Wills & Testaments  Edinburgh Sheriff Court Inventories SC70/1/325, SC70/4/272

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Aberdeen Journalc. 1889  Obituary. Date missing
Item 2 of 2Builder20 July 1889v57 p52 Obituary